Contrary to what was historically thought, indigenous people from Cuba were not totally exterminated and their descendants can still be found on the Island.
The “Red: indigenous land” project documents the presence of families that still retain indigenous traits, surnames and customs, and who continue to live in areas of eastern Cuba.
After the Spanish conquest of the Island, the great majority of them perished when living in conditions of high stress, slavery, abuse and living with certain diseases for which they had no antibodies.
Recent anthropological and genetic studies have shown that they were not completely extinguished, although they have been mixed with other races such as Europeans and Afro-descendants.
There are several Cuban historians mainly from the Eastern areas of Bayamo, Jiguaní, Holguin and Baracoa who have identified some of these communities, which survived thanks to the protection of certain Spanish religious who gave them their surnames, sometimes protected by the kings of Spain and in other cases hidden in hard to reach places.